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Tuesday, October 12, 2010

ABC of Shortcut Keys

Basic PC shortcut keys
  • Alt + F: File menu options in current program.
  • Alt + E: Edit options in current program
  • Ctrl + A: Select all text.
  • Ctrl + X: Cut selected item.
  • Shift + Del: Cut selected item.
  • Ctrl + C: Copy selected item.
  • Ctrl + Ins: Copy selected item
  • Ctrl + V: Paste
  • Shift + Ins: Paste
  • Home: Goes to beginning of current line.
  • Ctrl + Home: Goes to beginning of document.
  • End: Goes to end of current line.
  • Ctrl + End: Goes to end of document.
  • Shift + Home: Highlights from current position to beginning of line.
  • Shift + End: Highlights from current position to end of line.
  • Ctrl + Left arrow: Moves one word to the left at a time.
  • Ctrl + Right arrow: Moves one word to the right at a time.
Function keys
  • F1: Almost always used as the help key, almost every program will open the help screen when this key is pressed. Windows Key + F1 would open the Microsoft Windows help and support center. Sometimes also used to open the Task Pane.
  • F2: In Windows commonly used to rename a highlighted icon or file. Alt + Ctrl + F2 opens a new document in Microsoft Word. Ctrl + F2 displays the print preview window in Microsoft Word.
  • F3: Often opens a search feature for many programs including Microsoft Windows. Shift + F3 will change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
  • F4: Open find window. Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+) Alt + F4 will close the program currently active in Microsoft Windows. Ctrl + F4 will close the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows.
  • F5: In all modern Internet browsers pressing F5 will refresh or reload the page or document window. Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word. Starts a sideshow in PowerPoint.
  • F6: Move the cursor to the Address bar in Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox. Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
  • F7: Commonly used to spell check and grammar check a document in Microsoft programs such as Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc. Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted. Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox.
  • F8: Function key used to enter the Windows start-up menu, commonly use to get into Windows Safe Mode and other options.
  • F9: Opens the Measurements toolbar in Quark 5.0.
  • F10: In Microsoft Windows activates the menu bar of an open application. Shift + F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
  • F11: Full-screen mode in all modern Internet browsers.
  • F12: Open the Save as window in Microsoft Word. Shift + F12 save the Microsoft Word document. Ctrl + Shift + F12 prints a document in Microsoft Word.
Unix/Linux shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of Unix/Linux.
  • CTRL + B: Moves the cursor backward one character.
  • CTRL + C: Cancels the currently running command.
  • CTRL + D: Logs out of the current session.
  • CTRL + F: Moves the cursor forward one character.
  • CTRL + H: Erase one character. Similar to pressing backspace.
  • CTRL + P: Paste previous line and/or lines.
  • CTRL + S: Stops all output on screen (XOFF).
  • CTRL + Q: Turns all output stopped on screen back on (XON).
  • CTRL + U: Erases the complete line.
  • CTRL + W: Deletes the last word typed in. For example, if you typed 'mv file1 file2' this shortcut would delete file2.
  • CTRL + Z: Cancels current operation, moves back a directory and/or takes the current operation and moves it to the background. See bg command for additional information about background.
Apple Macintosh shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of MacOS.
  • Open Apple + Down: Opens the selected icon.
  • Shift + Click: Select the icon and add it to the set of those selected.
  • Tab: Highlight the next icon inside the folder, in alphabetical order.
  • Shift + Tab: Highlight the previous icon inside the folder, in alphabetical order.
  • Left arrow: Used when viewing by icon to select the icon to the left of the one highlighted.
  • Right arrow: Used when viewing by icon to select icon to the right of the one highlighted.
  • Up arrow: Used to select the icon above the one currently highlighted.
  • Down arrow: Used to select the icon below the one currently highlighted.
  • Open Apple + ?: Mac help
  • Open Apple + E: Eject
  • Open Apple + Shift + Up Arrow: Used to direct the input focus to the desktop level.
  • Open Apple + M: Minimize window
  • Open Apple + N: New finder window
  • Open Apple + Shift + N: New folder
  • Open Apple + W: Close the current window.
  • Open Apple + C: Copy the elected item to the clipboard.
  • Open Apple + X: Cut the selected item.
  • Open Apple + V: Paste item from the clipboard
  • Open Apple + L: Make alias
  • Open Apple + R: Show original item
  • Open Apple + T: Add to favorites
  • Open Apple + O: Open the selected icon.
  • Open Apple + F: Display the find dialog box.
  • Open Apple + G: Repeat the last find operation.
  • Open Apple + Shift + G: Takes a snapshot of the screen and saves it to a PICT file.
Microsoft Windows shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of Microsoft Windows.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open applications.
  • Alt + Shift + Tab: Switch backwards between open applications.
  • Alt + double-click: Display the properties of the object you double-click on. For example, doing this on a file would display its properties.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switches between program groups or document windows in applications that support this feature.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Tab: Same as above but backwards.
  • Alt + Print Screen: Create a screen shot only for the program you are currently in.
  • Ctrl + Print Screen: Creates a screen shot of the entire screen
  • Ctrl + Alt + Del: Reboot the computer and/or bring up the Windows task manager.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Immediately bring up the Windows task manager.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Bring up the Windows Start menu. In Windows 3.x this would bring up the Task Manager.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch Between open applications on taskbar.
  • F1: Activates help for current open application.
  • F2: Renames selected Icon.
  • F3: Starts find from desktop.
  • F4: Opens the drive selection when browsing.
  • F5: Refresh Contents to where you were on the page.
  • Ctrl + F5: Refreshes page to the beginning of the page.
  • F10: Activates menu bar.
  • Shift + F10: Simulates right-click on selected item.
  • F4: Select a different location to browse in the Windows Explorer toolbar.
  • Alt + F4: Closes Current open program.
  • Ctrl + F4: Closes Window in Program.
  • F6: Move cursor to different Windows Explorer pane.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Drops down the window control menu.
  • Ctrl + (the '+' key on the keypad): Automatically adjust the widths of all the columns in Windows explorer
  • Alt + Enter: Opens properties window of selected icon or program.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open the control menu for the current window open.
  • Shift + Del: Delete programs/files without throwing them into the recycle bin.
  • Holding Shift: Boot Safe Mode or by pass system files as the computer is booting. When putting in an audio CD, will prevent CD Player from playing.
  • Enter: Activates the highlighted program.
  • Alt + Down arrow: Display all available options on drop down menu.
  • * (on the keypad): Expands all folders on the currently selected folder or drive in Windows Explorer.
  • + (on the keypad): Expands only the currently selected folder in Windows Explorer.
  • - (on the keypad): Collapses the currently selected folder in Windows Explorer.
  • WINKEY: Pressing the Windows key alone will open Start.
  • WINKEY + F1: Opens the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
  • WINKEY + F3: Opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
  • WINKEY + D: Brings the desktop to the top of all other windows.
  • WINKEY + M: Minimizes all windows.
  • WINKEY + SHIFT + M: Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D.
  • WINKEY + E: Open Microsoft Explorer.
  • WINKEY + Tab: Cycle through open programs through the taskbar.
  • WINKEY + F: Display the Windows Search / Find feature.
  • WINKEY + CTRL + F: Display the search for computers window.
  • WINKEY + F1: Display the Microsoft Windows help.
  • WINKEY + R: Open the run window.
  • WINKEY + Pause/Break key: Open the system properties window.
  • WINKEY + U: Open Utility Manager.
  • WINKEY + L: Lock the computer (Windows XP and above only).
  • WINKEY + P: Quickly change between monitor display types. (Windows 7 only).
  • WINKEY + LEFT ARROW: Shrinks the window to 1/2 screen on the left side for side by side viewing. (Windows 7 only).
  • WINKEY + RIGHT ARROW: Shrinks the window to 1/2 screen on the right side for side by side viewing. (Windows 7 only).
  • WINKEY + UP ARROW: When in the side by side viewing mode, this shortcut takes the screen back to full size. (Windows 7 only).
  • WINKEY + DOWN ARROW: Minimizes the screen. Also, when in the side by side viewing mode, this shortcut takes the screen back to a minimized size. (Windows 7 only).
Microsoft Excel shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of Microsoft Excel.
  • F2: Edit the selected cell.
  • F5: Go to a specific cell. For example, C6.
  • F7: Spell check selected text and/or document.
  • F11: Create chart.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ; - Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + ; - Enter the current date.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert New Worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Open the Excel formula window.
  • Shift + F5: Bring up search box.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all contents of the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italic highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Insert link.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Strikethrough highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + P: Bring up the print dialog box to begin printing.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo last action.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize current window.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize currently selected window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch between open workbooks / windows.
  • Ctrl + Page up: Move between Excel work sheets in the same Excel document.
  • Ctrl + Page down: Move between Excel work sheets in the same Excel document.
  • Ctrl + Tab Move: between Two or more open Excel files.
  • Alt + = - Create a formula to sum all of the above cells
  • Ctrl + ' - Insert the value of the above cell into cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ! - Format number in comma format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $ - Format number in currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + # - Format number in date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + % - Format number in percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^ - Format number in scientific format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @ - Format number in time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow key: Move to next section of text.
  • Ctrl + Spacebar: Select entire column.
  • Shift + Spacebar: Select entire row.
Microsoft Word shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of Microsoft Word.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all contents of the page.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + C: Copy selected text.
  • Ctrl + E: Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen.
  • Ctrl + F: Open find box.
  • Ctrl + I: Italic highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + J: Aligns the selected text or line to justify the screen.
  • Ctrl + K: Insert link.
  • Ctrl + L: Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen.
  • Ctrl + M: Indent the paragraph.
  • Ctrl + P: Open the print window.
  • Ctrl + R: Aligns the line or selected text to the right of the screen.
  • Ctrl + T: Create a hanging indent.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + V: Paste.
  • Ctrl + X: Cut selected text.
  • Ctrl + Y: Redo the last action performed.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo last action.
  • Ctrl + Shift + F: Change the font.
  • Ctrl + Shift + > - Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increases font +2pts.
  • Ctrl + ] - Increase selected font +1pts.
  • Ctrl + Shift + < - Decrease selected font -1pts if 12pt or lower, if above 12 decreases font by +2pt.
  • Ctrl + [ - Decrease selected font -1pts.
  • Ctrl + Shift + * - View or hide non printing characters.
  • Ctrl + left arrow: Moves one word to the left.
  • Ctrl + right arrow: Moves one word to the right.
  • Ctrl + up arrow: Moves to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
  • Ctrl + down arrow: Moves to the end of the paragraph.
  • Ctrl + Del: Deletes word to right of cursor.
  • Ctrl + Backspace: Deletes word to left of cursor.
  • Ctrl + End: Moves the cursor to the end of the document.
  • Ctrl + Home: Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document.
  • Ctrl + Spacebar: Reset highlighted text to the default font.
  • Ctrl + 1: Single-space lines.
  • Ctrl + 2: Double-space lines.
  • Ctrl + 5:1.5-line spacing.
  • Ctrl + Alt + 1: Changes text to heading 1.
  • Ctrl + Alt + 2: Changes text to heading 2.
  • Ctrl + Alt + 3: Changes text to heading 3.
  • Ctrl + F1: Open the Task Pane.
  • F1: Open Help.
  • Alt + Ctrl + F2: Open new document.
  • Ctrl + F2: Display the print preview.
  • Shift + F3: Change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
  • Shift + Insert: Paste.
  • F4: Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)
  • F5: Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
  • Ctrl + Shift + F6: Opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
  • F7: Spell and grammar check selected text and/or document.
  • Shift + F7: Runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
  • F12: Save as.
  • Shift + F12: Save.
  • Ctrl + Shift + F12: Prints the document.
  • Alt + Shift + D: Insert the current date.
  • Alt + Shift + T: Insert the current time.
Microsoft Internet Explorer shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of Microsoft Internet Explorer.
  • Alt + Left Arrow: Back a page.
  • Backspace: Back a page.
  • Alt + Right Arrow: Forward a page.
  • F5: Refresh current page, frame, or tab.
  • F11: Display the current website in full screen mode. Pressing F11 again will exit this mode.
  • Esc: Stop page or download from loading.
  • Ctrl + (- or +) - Increase or decrease the font size, pressing '-' will decrease and '+' will increase.
  • Ctrl + Enter: Quickly complete an address. For example, type microsoft in the address bar and press CTRL + ENTER to get http://www.microsoft.com.
  • Ctrl + D: Add a Favorite for the page currently opened.
  • Ctrl + I: Display available bookmarks.
  • Ctrl + N: Open New browser window.
  • Ctrl + P: Print current page / frame.
  • Ctrl + T: Opens a new tab.
  • Ctrl + F4: Closes the currently selected tab.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Moves through each of the open tabs.
  • Spacebar: Moves down a page at a time.
  • Shift + Spacebar: Moves up a page at a time.
  • Alt + Down arrow: Display all previous text entered in a text box and/or available options on drop down menu.
  • Alt + D: Highlights the text in the address bar
Mozilla Firefox shortcut keys: Below commands may not work in some versions of Mozilla Firefox.
  • Alt + Left Arrow: Back a page.
  • Backspace: Back a page.
  • Alt + Right Arrow: Forward a page.
  • F5: Refresh current page, frame, or tab.
  • F11: Display the current website in full screen mode. Pressing F11 again will exit this mode.
  • Esc: Stop page or download from loading.
  • Ctrl + (- or +) - Increase or decrease the font size, pressing '-' will decrease and '+' will increase.
  • Ctrl + Enter: Quickly complete an address. For example, type microsoft in the address bar and press CTRL + ENTER to get http://www.microsoft.com.
  • Shift + Enter: Complete a .net instead of a .com address.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Enter: Complete a .org address.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Del: Open the Clear Data window to quickly clear private data.
  • Ctrl + D: Add a bookmark for the page currently opened.
  • Ctrl + I: Display available bookmarks.
  • Ctrl + J: Display the download window.
  • Ctrl + N: Open New browser window.
  • Ctrl + P: Print current page / frame.
  • Ctrl + T: Opens a new tab.
  • Ctrl + F4 or Ctrl + W: Closes the currently selected tab.
  • Ctrl + Shift + T: Undo the close of a window.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Moves through each of the open tabs.
  • Spacebar: Moves down a page at a time.
  • Shift + Spacebar: Moves up a page at a time.
  • Alt + Down arrow: Display all previous text entered in a text box and/or available options on drop down menu.
How to create own shortcut keys

Create a shortcut
  • Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.
  • Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.
  • This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to " in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click rename.
  • Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy or cut this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.
Assign shortcut key to that Windows shortcut
  • Once the shortcut has been created to assign a shortcut key to that Windows shortcut follow the below steps.
  • Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.
  • Click the Shortcut tab.
  • Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p" the shortcut key will automatically be made Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means if saved when pressing Ctrl and Alt and "P" all at the same time will run that shortcut.
Regards Computerhome 

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